Urban civilizations, from Egyptian and Mesopotamian medicine systems developed, including a conceptual or theoretical body, a more or less standard practice, the regulation of medical education, belonging to the profession and the responsibilities of the physician.
Other systems have survived until today, and the health systems of the countries concerned have integrated them in varying degrees. They are:
Ayurveda or Ayurvedic medicine. Originating in India at an indeterminate time, but already in Vedic times, the fourth of the Vedas, the Atharvaveda contains some elements. He has penetrated some Western environments, which represents a form of alternative medicine.
Traditional Chinese medicine. Arisen medicine in China to the fourteenth or thirteenth century BC, was an essentially practical magic influence of Taoism and Confucianism made it evolve, adopting a pharmacopoeia
Grecoárabe or unani medicine (which in Arabic means “Greek”). Hospitals that came under his influence tended the sick regardless of their social status or religion. They were secular institutions, but in any case approved and valued by Islam.
Traditional Medicine Andean emerged mainly in the Peruvian Andes and Ecuadorian health based on the balance warm / cold and the world’s animistic thought, methodology of explaining the holistic sense of life, traditional health agents assume their role as a divine gift and based his speech on the restitution of the balance with rituals and plants medicinales3
Mesoamerica For the best example is Don Juan Badiano and Don Martin de la Cruz.
There are several traditional remedies, some examples include:
Aceitilla (acahual, white acahual, rosilla, arrowhead)
Botanical name: Bidens pilosa L. family Compositae.
Places where vegetation: A weed of the valley of Mexico, Veracruz, Jalisco, Oaxaca, etc..
Characters: Measures from 50 to 150 cm in height, its stem tetragon from the base, pubescent on the upper, petiolate leaves and white flowers in heads. Flowers from August to October.
Parts used: The whole plant.
Common Uses: Often used as tea.
Acocote (cumin, cumin rustic, bear grass)
Botanical Name: Arracacia atropurpurea. Benth the hook. Umbelliferae family.
Places of vegetation: Valley of Mexico, State of Mexico, Veracruz, San Luis Potosi, Michoacan, Morelos, etc.. Usually at elevations between 2,200 and 2,800 m. above the sea.
Characters: Herbaceous large divided leaves and flowers in umbels, fruits oblong-elliptical, compressed, with 5 ribs, three dorsal and two marginal. They are pungent and aromatic.
Parts used: Fruits, contains essential oil.
Common Uses: Used for gonorrhea, as a carminative and stimulant, used elsewhere for fever
Achiote (achiotillo, achiotl, changuarica, pumacua)
Botanical name: Bixa orellana L. Family of bixáceas.
Places where vegetation: Yucatán, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Chiapas, Tabasco, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Sinaloa, Morelos, etc..
Characters: bush about three to four meters, with leaves alternate, pecionaladas, cordate, entire, watery and smooth, up to 20 cm long hermaphrodite flowers, pink, arranged in corymbs, the heart-shaped fruit is a capsule about 5cm long red and dark red first then bristling with stiff hairs, dehiscent by two valves. Seeds almost triangular, somewhat compressed and fleshy seed coat, red. Flowers in November and harvested in March and April
Parts used: grains, oil them and leaves.
Common Uses: This macerated in oil and applied to burns, is credited with stomachic properties, dysentery and refreshing. The leaves chopped and macerated in small quantity of water, produce a gummy substance that is said to have diuretic properties and antigonorreicas, the same substance is purgative and desinflamatoria.
Botanical Name: myroxylon balsamum var. Pereirae (royle) harms. Family Leguminosae.
Places where vegetation: Veracruz, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Yucatan among other warm places.
Characters: Tree 15-20 meters compound leaves odd-pinnate, consisting of 7-17 leaflets alternate, ovate-acuminate, thin, bright, full-dot cross. White flowers, small and arranged in clusters.
Parts used: Fruits and trunk (black salve)
Common Uses: Used for asthma, colds, rheumatism etc. Also used against gonorrhea.